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Infrastructure as a Service. Platform as a Service. Software as a Service. Look for the Right Mindset. IoT Meets the Sewer. Get into their heads to find out why they're flouting your corporate cybersecurity rules.

Business change is accelerating, and technology is driving the change. To succeed in this dynamic environment, CIOs must implement these five imperatives.

Hate it when your internet goes down? Verizon's director of network performance analytics has created a system to predict equipment failures before they impact customers.

Artificial intelligence and machine learning already are having an impact in a sector that concerns all of us, healthcare. A tractor trailer housing a Cyber Tactical Operation Center will travel throughout the US and Europe for incident response training, security support, and education.

New MediaPRO study also finds that management performed worse than entry- and mid-level employees in how to handle a suspected phishing email.

Imagine an Internet where each individual has control over their own personal data and privacy. Web pioneer Tim Berners-Lee has a plan for just that approach.

Having the right tools can make the cultural transformation that is DevOps much easier. The growing reliance on AI and machine learning in the coming decades can have a negative impact on many jobs while raising new social issues. Yet, businesses can minimize those impacts.

That number is less than the original estimate of 50 million. It might not have been the only attack. There might be a better, knowledge management-based, way to conduct the US Census, according to a group of university researchers.

There's no excuse for not knowing your exposure. These free tools can help you analyze what your company is up against and point ways to developing a more thorough security program. The security leader, known for her role in securing Microsoft, Apple, and Mozilla, discusses her new gig and what she's working on now. Consumer credit reporting company Experian's IT infrastructure and data storage is measured in petabytes, so standardizing on a technology stack has meant a lot of change and big rewards.

Don't let needless spending diminish the value of your cloud resources. Here's how to cut costs without hurting results. Profiles of some of the women currently leading Microsoft security operations - and their efforts to drive inclusivity. Continued broad development of AI technologies and concepts require new approaches to collaboration between industry organizations and academia. One app development company is making it easier for other developers to build accessibility into their websites and applications.

How to Ditch Operations Ticketing Systems. Improving Tech Diversity with Scientific How to Make Remote Workers Happier. Sponsorship Helps Women in Tech Advance. Data Transparency for a Recovering Detroit. How to Hire Diverse Talent in Security. De-risking the Email Threat Vector. Nextiva's Next-gen Unified Communication The Case for Brand-Equivalent Optics in Going Beyond Checkbox Security. Tackling the Edge in IP Networking.

Finding Opportunity in Complex Telephony. To rate this item, click on a rating below. To save this item to your list of favorite InformationWeek content so you can find it later in your Profile page, click the "Save It" button next to the item. If you found this interesting or useful, please use the links to the services below to share it with other readers.

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It might not have been the only attack. There might be a better, knowledge management-based, way to conduct the US Census, according to a group of university researchers. There's no excuse for not knowing your exposure. These free tools can help you analyze what your company is up against and point ways to developing a more thorough security program. The security leader, known for her role in securing Microsoft, Apple, and Mozilla, discusses her new gig and what she's working on now.

Consumer credit reporting company Experian's IT infrastructure and data storage is measured in petabytes, so standardizing on a technology stack has meant a lot of change and big rewards. Don't let needless spending diminish the value of your cloud resources.

Here's how to cut costs without hurting results. Profiles of some of the women currently leading Microsoft security operations - and their efforts to drive inclusivity. Continued broad development of AI technologies and concepts require new approaches to collaboration between industry organizations and academia. One app development company is making it easier for other developers to build accessibility into their websites and applications. How to Ditch Operations Ticketing Systems.

Improving Tech Diversity with Scientific How to Make Remote Workers Happier. Sponsorship Helps Women in Tech Advance. Data Transparency for a Recovering Detroit. How to Hire Diverse Talent in Security. De-risking the Email Threat Vector. Nextiva's Next-gen Unified Communication The Case for Brand-Equivalent Optics in Going Beyond Checkbox Security. Tackling the Edge in IP Networking.

Finding Opportunity in Complex Telephony. The estranged wife who's protecting her new family from an unsightly past? Or is it a suspicious village resident with a shady past and a weak alibi? Based on the best-selling mystery by Elizabeth George, A Great Deliverance introduces Inspector Lynley with first-rate performances and abundant amounts of nail-biting suspense. From award-winning film-maker David Grubin, this miniseries weaves together the troubled lives of a dirt-farmer's son and a wealthy Southern slave-owner's daughter.

Together, Abraham and Mary Lincoln ascended to the pinnacle of power at the most difficult time in the nation's history, the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln's legacy as the Great Emancipator reshaped the nation while his tragic death left Mary reclusive and forgotten.

Between Chicago stood at the center of, and symbolized America's rise from a rural republic to an industrial giant. The first modern city of the United States and, much as Manchester was to England's Industrial Revolution, the "shock city" of American capitalism.

Visionary yet enigmatic, brilliant yet manipulative, Marcus Garvey is one of the most controversial figures in American history. Both a powerful orator and a pompous autocrat, Garvey inspired the loyalty of millions of African-Americans while infuriating many black leaders. He was a strong advocate of black self-help, yet was willing to collaborate with the Ku Klux Klan.

He inspired African-Americans to support his economic enterprises, then lost their hard-earned money through mismanagement. This film uses a wealth of archival footage, photographs and documents to uncover the story of this Jamaican immigrant who between and built what was the largest black mass movement in world history. In , two men at Johns Hopkins University Hospital pioneered a groundbreaking procedure that would save thousands of so-called blue babies' lives.

One of them, Alfred Blalock, was a prominent white surgeon. The other, Vivien Thomas, was an African American with a high school education. Partners of the Heart tells the inspiring, little-known story of their collaboration. Blalock recognized Thomas' talents when the younger man came inquiring after a hospital janitor's job.

But though Blalock came to treat Thomas with tremendous respect in the lab, the two men were rarely treated as equals in the outside world. Over time, Thomas would go on to train two generations of the country's premier heart surgeons. In , more than three decades after the first blue baby's life had been saved, Johns Hopkins finally formally recognized Thomas' extraordinary achievements, awarding him an honorary doctorate.

In mid, it looked as if the war in Europe was coming to an end. Hitler was on the run, and the Allies had triumphantly regained Paris, as well as Casablanca and Tripoli, Naples, and Rome. After five hard years of war, Allied soldiers were breathing easieremdash even stopping to enjoy dances and parties.

Hitler, however, had one final card to play. In December , he struck back with a brutal counterattack. The Battle of the Bulge was the single biggest and bloodiest battle U. Almost 80, Americans were killed, injured, or captured in an infernal test of courage and endurance that ultimately ended with a hard-won victory for the Allies. Battle of the Bulge looks at the battle through the eyes of the U.

They describe the events leading up to the attack and how the Allied forces were caught unpreparedemdash and talk with disarming honesty about the grueling physical and psychological conditions under which they fought and of the memories that still haunt them. Packed with rare archival newsreel and Army footage, this documentary offers a compelling chronicle of war that captures both the action on the front lines and the strategy behind the scenes.

A story of triumph and tragedy, the compelling saga of the man who designed much of official Washington, including the central portions of the United States Capitol. His ideas ultimately defined the first uniquely "American" architecture, but his life was a tumultuous series of creative successes and personal catastrophes, ending with his death in poverty in New Orleans.

Featuring extensive computer-generated animation, interviews with architects and historians, and visits to the sites of Latrobe's works, Pulitzer Prize-winning host Paul Goldberger explores every aspect of Latrobe s extraordinary story, beginning with his early years in England, continuing through his immigration to the young Republic, his friendship with Thomas Jefferson, his work on major constructions such as the Baltimore Basilica, the first Catholic Cathedral built in the United States, and the stunning failures of his last years.

Two and a half millennia ago, a new religion was born in northern India, generated from the ideas of a single man, the Buddha, a mysterious Indian sage who famously gained enlightenment while he sat under a large, shapely fig tree. The Buddha never claimed to be God or his emissary on earth. He said only that he was a human being who, in a world of unavoidable pain and suffering, had found a kind of serenity that others could find, too. This documentary by award-winning filmmaker David Grubin tells the story of his life, a journey especially relevant in our own bewildering times of violent change and spiritual confusion.

A century ago, in the shadow of the Statue of Liberty, one of the world's greatest public hospitals was built. Massive and modern, the hospital's twenty-two state-of-the-art buildings were crammed onto two small islands, man-made from the rock and dirt excavated during the building of the New York subway.

As America's first line of defense against immigrant-borne disease, the hospital was where the germs of the world converged. The Ellis Island hospital was at once welcoming and foreboding a fateful crossroad for hundreds of thousands of hopeful immigrants.

Those nursed to health were allowed entry to America. Those deemed feeble of body or mind were deported. Three short decades after it opened, the Ellis Island hospital was all but abandoned. As America after World War I began shutting its border to all but a favored few, the hospital fell into disuse and decay, its medical wards left open only to the salt air of the New York Harbor. Interweaving documentary footage, historical dramatizations, and interviews with religious historians, this documentary series is an in-depth exploration of the historical role of religion in the public life of the United States.

Definitive four-part series exploring the technological innovations that have transformed warfare through the ages. Each episode will focus on one area where technology and science have influenced the unfolding evolution of ground combat. Companion to War Plane and War Ship. The story of Daniel Burnham, a dreamer, who shaped some of America's best-known places and spaces. The film explores Burnham's fascinating career and complex legacy as public debate continues today about how and for whom cities are planned.

In the summer of Winston Churchill faced a terrible dilemma. France had just signed an armistice agreement with Hitler, and only the English Channel stood between the Nazi's and Britain.

With Germany poised to seize the French Navy, an invasion seemed imminent. Churchill had to make a choice. He could either trust the promises of the new French government that they would never hand over their ships to Hitler.

Or he could make sure that the ships never joined the German navy-and convince America that Britain was a strong and worthy ally to assist--by destroying them himself. Some call his decision a turning point in the war, others call it a terrible betrayal and a war crime. This is the story of what Churchill did next, and why; and how 1, French sailors died as a result of what the French still call 'our Pearl Harbor. The Battle of Stalingrad, the deadliest single battle ever seen, has been lauded as a shining example of Stalin's military genius, and altered the course of World War II permanently.

The battle established the Soviet Union as a superpower to be reckoned with in the long Cold War that lay ahead. More than a half-century later, with newly uncovered evidence the full impact of this horrific battle is revealed.

A modern day quest to find the truth behind one of exploration's greatest mysteries: What happened to famed adventurer Col. Percy Fawcett who went looking for a city of gold -- the Lost City of "Z" -- in the Amazon in and disappeared in the jungles of Brazil forever?

New archaeological digs, the science behind the discovery of "newly found" jungle cities and clues collected over the years reveal the fate of Fawcett. The royal tomb of Pharaoh Psusennes I is one of the most spectacular of all the ancient Egyptian treasures.

So why hasn't the world heard about it? Archaeologists, using the hieroglyphs inside the tomb, pieced together the identity of the pharaoh, and further investigation reveals political intrigue, a lost city, and a leader who united a country in turmoil and became the Silver Pharaoh. When the Meermin set sail South Africa in , the slaves mutinied and overpowered the Dutch crew, ordering the ship be sailed back to Madagascar and freedom.

This film tracks the efforts of archaeologists, historians, and slave descendants to discover what happened on the Meermin, how the slaves were able to overpower their captors, and why the ship ended up wrecked on a wild, windswept beach miles east of Cape Town. Sixty years after Indian independence, British historian Michael Wood presents the tale of the oldest and most diverse civilization, and largest democracy. A nuclear power and a rising giant, India's population will overtake China's within 10 years and its economy is predicted to overtake that of the U.

This journey of sights and sounds, and achievements takes him from the deserts of Turkmenistan to the Khyber Pass. Discover the impact of one man's extraordinary act of courage.

In the fall of Hitler's murderous wave was sweeping through Eastern Europe. In the face of the Nazi onslaught, Japanese diplomat Chiune Sugihara made a decision that would change his life and thousands of others. With no possible hope for reward and at great risk to his family and career, Sugihara acted on his innermost beliefs and used his diplomatic power to rescue desperate Jewish refugees. As Japanese Consul to Lithuania, Sugihara defied Tokyo authorities by writing transit visas that were the sole remaining hope of Jews facing extermination.

More than 2, Sugihara-stamped passports allowed hundreds of families to flee Europe through Russia to Japan and safe havens abroad. Today it is estimated that at least 40, people owe their existence to Sugihara's heroism.

Through unprecedented access to Sugihara's family and their personal home movies, photos, and papers, and interviews with Sugihara survivors and their descendants, viewers will discover an inspiring, little known story of personal courage, sacrifice, and dedication.

Both a heart-racing adventure and an uplifting quest, Walking the Bible presents one man's epic journey--by foot, jeep, rowboat, and camel--through the greatest stories ever told. From crossing the Red Sea to climbing Mount Sinai to touching the burning bush, Bruce Feiler's inspiring odyssey will forever change your view of history's most legendary events.

The stories in the first five books of the Bible, also known as the Torah, come alive as Feiler searches across three continents for the stories and heroes shared by Christians and Jews. You'll visit the slopes of Mount Ararat, where Noah's ark landed, trek to the desert outpost where Abraham first heard the words of God, and scale the summit where Moses received the Ten Commandments.

A once-in-a-lifetime journey, Walking the Bible offers new insights into the roots of our common faith and uncovers fresh answers to the most profound questions of the human spirit. Worse Than War takes viewers on an extraordinary journey with noted Holocaust scholar Daniel Goldhagen, as he travels to the sites in over eight countries of the worst mass slaughters in the past century.

Together we encounter killers, survivors, witnesses, journalists and political leaders whose stories provide powerful insights into why genocides continue to plague our planet.

More than 60 years after the Holocaust inspired cries of "Never Again," is it possible for us to prevent genocide and save millions of lives? The film shows us how. Dramatic personal stories showcase the stunning scientific advances that are transforming the field of cardiology, and the effect these changes will have on people stricken with the disease. Bears are an ultimate icon of the wild, regarded as among the most successful wild animals on the planet. Three of the eight bear species in the world - brown bears, black bears, and polar bears -can be found in Alaska, one of North America's last truly wild frontiers.

Nature joins adventurer and bear biologist Chris Morgan on a year-long motorcycle odyssey deep into Alaska's bear country to explore the amazing resiliency and adaptability of these majestic animals as they struggle to make a living in five dramatically diverse Alaskan ecosystems: Episodes include - Part 1: City of Bears Part 2: The Road North Part 3: Living in the depths of the New Guinean Rainforest are birds of unimaginable color and beauty.

When Europeans first saw the plumes of these fabulous creatures in the sixteenth century, they believed they must be from heaven and called them Birds of Paradise. The people of New Guinea make even greater claims. They say the birds possess supernatural powers and magic. But to find these birds in New Guinea is one of the toughest assignments, and to witness their extraordinary mating displays is even tougher.

David Attenborough introduces a young team of New Guinean scientists on a grueling expedition to find and film these Birds of Paradise; the holy grail of wildlife filmmakers. In the early 's, Saddam Hussein destroyed the Mesopotamian Marshes, once the richest wildlife habitat in the Middle East. Now one man is making an extraordinary effort to restore both animals and people to the scene of one of the greatest ecocides of the Twentieth Century.

Is it a dream too far? Can man and animal live again in what remains one of the most politically troubled and dangerous place on earth? Broken Tail, was a charismatic tiger cub in Ranthambore, one of India's best protected tiger reserves. He suddenly and without warning abandoned his sanctuary and went on the run moving through farmland and scrub until he was killed by a train nearly miles from its home.

This film retraces the tiger's path and piece together the cub's last days - and through his story reveal the fate of the few surviving tigers in India. For decades, Cuba's wild landscapes lay untouched while its neighbors destroyed their ecological riches.

Now, Cuba's priceless treasures are about to face an onslaught. Tourism is already on the rise and most experts predict tourism will double once the US trade embargo ends. What will happen to Cuba's stunning biodiversity--an island filled with amphibians, reptiles and the most biologically diverse freshwater fish in the region? Echo, the elephant matriarch, was the subject of many films and the leader of a carefully studies herd of elephants in Africa.

This past fall, she died of natural causes. This film is a look back at this remarkable animal through extraordinary footage and interviews with the researchers that cared for and studied this amazing herd. Elsa, an orphaned lion cub raised by George and Joy Adamson then released back into the wild, captivated audiences around the world, and became a symbol for all animals' right to live free.

But behind the film and book lies the real story of the Adamsons' life with Elsa. Their diaries, home movies and detailed records reveal an intimate look into their pioneering work and unique relationship with lions. Recollections of the actress who portrayed Joy in the film, and memories of people who knew and worked with the Adamsons leave us with a new appreciation for the world of animals we never knew until Elsa and Born Free opened our eyes. New research has shown that crows are among the most intelligent animals in the world, able to use tools as only elephants and chimpanzees do, able to recognize each other's voices and distinct calls.

Crow experts from around the world sing their praises, and present us with captivating new footage of crows as we have never seen them before. The Australian outback is the driest place on the driest inhabited continent on the planet. It is a place you might expect to see kangaroos but certainly not waterbirds.

Yet once every ten years, rains flood into dried-up river beds and head inland to create the largest lake in Australia, and , pelicans -- a third of all the pelicans in Australia -- arrive for the event. Leaving their homes on coasts and harbors, they come to feed on fish washed in on the floods and on billions of brine shrimp and other crustaceans which hatch and grow to adulthood in a few days in water twice as salty as the Dead Sea.

The pelicans have come home to court and raise as many families as possible before the water and the food disappear once more. Leopards are the ultimate cat. They are the most feline, the most intelligent, the most dangerous, and, until recently, one of the least understood. This film will accumulate the evidence and put together a psychological profile of this extraordinarily cunning cat.

From the Middle East and North Africa to the island of Sri Lanka, we'll learn how these cats rarely move without a completely pre-meditated strategy. This film will investigate the parallel stories of collapsing Pacific salmon populations and how biologists and engineers have become instruments in audacious experiments to replicate every stage of the fish's life cycle.

Each of our desperate efforts to save salmon has involved replacing their natural cycle of reproduction and death with a radically manipulated life history. Our once great runs of salmon are now conceived in laboratories, raised in tanks, driven in trucks, and farmed in pens. Here we go beyond the ongoing debate over how to save an endangered species. In its exposure of a wildly creative, hopelessly complex, and stunningly expensive approach to managing salmon, the film reveals one of the most ambitious plans ever conceived for taking the reins of the planet.

The bushfires that tore through the Australian state of Victoria in February incinerated over a million acres of land, including key mountain ash forest ecosystems. Fires are a natural force of nature which spur regeneration, but the immediate aftermath of this giant firestorm was devastation. Kangaroos and koalas, wombats and wallabies, endangered possums and gliders, lizards, echidnas, birds of all kinds, and even fish that lived among these eucalypts were overcome by the flames.

But burned and traumatized survivors tenderly nursed back to health at wildlife hospitals showed a remarkable ability to bounce back, and the environment an extraordinary capacity for healing. This sixty-minute HD film for Nature will take viewers into the secretive world of the largest and least known member of the weasel family to reveal who this dynamic little devil truly is.

Hard-wired to endure an environment of scarcity, the wolverine is one of the most efficient and resourceful carnivores on Earth. Our mastery of cold is something we take for granted, whether it's air conditioning and frozen food or the liquefied gases and superconductivity at the heart of cutting-edge technology. But what is cold? How do you achieve it, and how cold can it get?

This two-part NOVA special brings the history of this frosty fascination to life with brilliant dramatic recreations of high moments in low-temperature research and the quest for ever-lower notches on the thermometer.

The first hour, The Conquest of Cold, opens in the s when the nature of cold and heat was a complete mystery. Were they different aspects of the same phenomenon? The experiments that settled these questions helped stoke the Industrial Revolution. In the second hour, The Race For Absolute Zero dramatizes the titanic rivalry between Scottish researcher James Dewar and Dutch physicist Heike Onnes, who plunged cold science to the forbidding realm at which oxygen and then nitrogen turn into liquids.

The race continues today as scientists pioneer super-fast computing near absolute zero the ultimate chill of In paleoanthropologists made a discovery on the Indonesian island of Flores that shook up the world of early human studies like no other in recent years.

Inside a cave, under a thick blanket of sediments, they unearthed fossil bones of a three-foot-tall human. The fossil appeared for all the world not to have been that of a diseased modern human or Homo sapiens, but rather an entirely new species, which its discoverers named Homo floresiensis.

The debate over just what this so-called hobbit and its kind were has only just begun. The storm of controversy surrounding the population of the Americas. Who were the first Americans and where did they come from? The conventional view is that they arrived here around 13, years ago, but startling new archaeological discoveries suggest it may have been long before that.

And experts are testing contentious theories regarding how they got here, including the idea of a dangerous canoe-born voyage from Asia down the west coat of the Americas, or even across the Atlantic from Europe. Since and the discovery of ancient weapons at Clovis, New Mexico, the "Clovis-first" theory held that Ice Age big-game hunters entered the continent by crossing a land bridge that spanned the Bering Strait between Asia and Alaska.

Then archaeologists discovered a problem: NOVA investigates controversial clues, including finds in an Alaskan bear cave hinting at a west coast voyage, and a stone tool from Virginia claimed to be evidence of a landing from Europe.

Then visit an extraordinary Clovis dig in Texas with nearly half a million artifacts, which points to a completely different solution to the puzzle. Join archaeologists and other experts as they dig into prehistory and uncover a provocative Stone Age detective story.

Will secrets buried in an ancient cave rewrite the story of a desperate time? Nearly 2, years ago, a dark, inhospitable cave located in a canyon near the Dead Sea was a secret refuge for Jewish refugees fleeing for their lives from the oppressive rule of the Roman Empire. In , archaeologists discovered dramatic letters written by Bar-Kokhba, the heroic Jewish rebel who led a guerrilla uprising against the Romans.

Could the cave conceal more historical treasure from that desperate time? Armed with high-tech equipment, a new team led by archaeologist Richard Freund returns to explore a place that has intrigued the experts for decades. With the help of ingeniously improvised devices, they unearth long-lost artifacts and relics that provide tantalizing clues to turbulent times of messianic fervor, oppression, and revolt.

The team's discoveries lead Freund to a radical new theory that he hopes will rewrite Holy Land history-- could the treasure concealed in the cave be a long-lost relic of the Great Temple in Jerusalem destroyed by the Romans? Join NOVA for a fascinating detective story that will immerse you in the strong currents of archaeological controversy.

It's easy to feel empathy for the great apes chimps, bonobos, orangutans, and gorillas which are our nearest relatives in the animal world. They have some of the largest brains in proportion to body size of any animals. For decades we've known that some of them can use simple tools and even be trained to communicate with us in sign language. But just how smart are these animals?

In co-production with National Geographic, NOVA explores the provocative findings of a new generation of researchers investigating the secret mental lives of apes and the crucial gap between ape intellects and our own. It turns out that every time we've defined a mental ability that we think is uniquely human, the great apes have it too, everything from culture to planning ahead, empathy for others, and even simple math. But, as Ape Genius reveals with fascinating first-time footage from Africa and leading primate labs, the scientists are zeroing in on subtle and tantalizing hints of what that essential difference may be.

Besides its hugely entertaining sequences of chimps staging pool parties and working vending machines, Ape Genius reveals a new and deeper understanding of our profound kinship with our primate relatives and exactly what it means to be human.

Most people imagine dinosaurs lurking in warm locales with swamps and jungles, dining on vegetation and each other. But "Arctic Dinosaurs" reveals that many species also thrived in the harsh environments of the north and south polar regions.

NOVA follows two high-stakes expeditions and the paleontologists who push the limits of science to unearth 70 million-year-old fossils buried in the vast Alaskan tundra.

Millions remember the countdowns, launchings, splashdowns and parades as the U. Few know that both superpowers ran parallel covert space programs to launch military astronauts on spying missions. In Astrospies, NOVA delves into the untold story of this top-secret space race, which might easily have turned into a shooting war in orbit.

In Astrospies, viewers meet the elite corps of U. As seen in footage broadcast for the first time, they practiced in full-scale mock-ups of the spy station, complete with spy cameras capable of resolving three-inch objects on the earth below. While the Apollo astronauts enjoyed ticker-tape parades, their astrospy colleagues trained in total obscurity until cost overruns and the new satellite technology doomed the program. Meanwhile, in response, the Soviets actually built three manned spy stations named Almaz and flew five missions during the s.

NOVA gains first-time access to a surviving Almaz station in a restricted Russian space facility, where an ex-cosmonaut demonstrates the high-powered spy cameras that were trained on U. With a cannon designed to destroy hostile satellites or attack American astrospies Almaz was probably the only manned spacecraft ever equipped for space war. Inside the high-tech, high-stakes competition to create America's newest fighter plane. NOVA goes behind the doors of the world's two largest aerospace companies to record classified meetings, climbs into cockpits to fly the most revolutionary planes, and examines the high-stakes battle waged between Boeing and Lockheed Martin to build the most capable and versatile fighter ever created-- the Joint Strike Fighter.

You're on the front line as the two aerospace giants fight for a contract that will make aviation history and help protect America, and that could provide the winner total domination of the U. Join military brass, aviation engineers, and test pilots as they race to create a single aircraft that meets three criteria-- that the winning plane be stealthy, affordable, and adaptable to the widely varying needs of the Air Force, Navy, and Marines.

Filmed over four years, Battle of the X-Planes reveals the breakthrough designs, heartbreaking setbacks, adrenaline-fueled test flights, and one final nail-biting decision-- the winner of the most lucrative contract in military history-- the Joint Strike Fighter.

Two wars rage on the Iraq battlefront. In one, laser-guided bombs, networked intelligence systems and unmanned aerial vehicles dominate an overwhelmed enemy.

In the other, no-tech guerrilla insurgents play by their own rules, inflicting casualties and sowing chaos and mistrust. This clash of "smart" technology versus desperate terrorism is causing some experts and government leaders to seriously question America's battle plan, spending strategies, and political policies. NOVA offers a rare first-hand look at the remarkable innovations-- and lethal frustrations-- of the modern battlefield.

With exclusive access to government and military decision-makers, go inside the Pentagon and key defense agencies and discover how ultra-advanced weapons and systems were rushed from blueprint to battlefront. See how "network-centric" warfare is changing the way we fight.

Hear the military leaders and experts argue that sophisticated technology may not be enough to prevail in a guerilla war. Finally, face the bigger question: In the heat of war, can even the most advanced weapons assure victory? Nothing is more fascinating to us than, well, us. Where did we come from? What makes us human? NOVA's groundbreaking investigation explores how new discoveries are transforming views of our earliest ancestors.

Featuring interviews with world-renowned scientists, footage shot in the trenches as fossils were unearthed, and stunning computer-generated animation, Becoming Human brings early hominids to life, examining how they lived and how we became the creative and adaptable modern humans of today.

In the first episode, NOVA encounters Selam, the amazingly complete remains of a 3 million year-old child, packed with clues to why we split from the apes, came down from the trees, and started walking upright. In gripping forensic detail, the second episode investigates the riddle of Turkana Boy--a tantalizing fossil of Homo erectus, the first ancestor to leave Africa and colonize the globe.

What led to this first great African exodus? In the final episode, Becoming Human explores the origins of us--where modern humans and our capacities for art, invention, and survival came from, and what happened when we encountered the mysterious Neanderthals. Crucial new evidence comes from the recent decoding of the Neanderthal genome. Did modern humans interbreed with Neanderthals? Becoming Human examines why we survived while our other ancestral cousins-including Indonesia's bizarre 3 foot-high Hobbit-died out.

And NOVA poses the intriguing question: Go on a scientific journey to the beginnings of modern religion, and dig into both the Bible and the history of the Israelites through the artifacts they left behind.

The film focuses on the Hebrew Bible the Old Testament as the foundation for the great monotheistic religions--Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. This powerful exploration of science, scripture, and scholarship examines the most pressing issues in biblical archaeology. As he takes office on January 20, , President Obama must deliver on an ambitious campaign pledge to fight global warming.

He need look no farther than California, where Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger is already leading the way with a dramatic and controversial program to slash carbon dioxide emissions and promote energy efficiency. In this program, NOVA explores the pros and cons of California's bold approach, which could be adopted nationwide during the Obama administration.

For 40 years, a fossil skull discovered in Piltdown, England, was hailed as the missing link between apes and humans. Then, in , new scientific tests revealed the shocking truth-"Piltdown Man" was a fake! But who could have perpetrated the hoax? Was it the amateur archaeologist, Charles Dawson, who dug up most of the bones?

Or the eminent museum curator, Sir Arthur Smith Woodward of Britain's Natural History Museum, who won fame by presenting the reconstructed skull to an eager public in ? With more red herrings and false trails than an Agatha Christie whodunit, The Boldest Hoax digs into intriguing new clues from archives at the Natural History Museum, and delves into the skullduggery and national pride that led a handful of faked bones to hoodwink a generation of leading scientists.

Go deep into the archives of Britain's Natural History Museum, where intriguing documents shed new light on this notorious case. Deep beneath the Nullarbor Plain, one of Australia's most hostile and barren landscapes, lies an ancient cave that has remained untouched for hundreds of thousands of years. Littering the floor of this prehistoric grave site are the perfectly preserved remains of long extinct megafauna, including unknown kangaroo species and the first complete skeleton of the largest carnivorous marsupial ever found--Thylacoleo carnifex.

Join NOVA on the first descent into the dark depths of this newly discovered cave and follow the detailed detective work done on the recovered skeletons that will help piece together the past of these fascinating creatures.

Take a dazzling architectural journey inside those majestic marvels of Gothic architecture, the great cathedrals of Chartres, Beauvais and other European cities. Carved from million pounds of stone, some cathedrals now teeter on the brink of catastrophic collapse. To save them, a team of engineers, architects, art historians, and computer scientists searches the naves, bays, and bell-towers for clues.

NOVA investigates the architectural secrets that the cathedral builders used to erect their towering, glass-filled walls and reveals the hidden formulas drawn from the Bible that drove medieval builders ever upward. A magnificent trading vessel embarks on a royal expedition to a mysterious, treasure-laden land called Punt.

Is this journey, intricately depicted on the wall of one of Egypt's most impressive temples, mere myth--or was it a reality? NOVA follows a team of archeologists and boat builders as they reconstruct the mighty vessel shown in the mysterious carving, and then finally launch it in to the Red Sea on a unique voyage of discovery.

Tom Magliozzi has a problem. But where do you turn to in today's car market? Is new technology about to transform the way we drive? Join Tom and Brother Ray, Click and Clack, as they take a light-hearted but shrewd look at America's four-wheeled future. On February 1, , the space shuttle Columbia disintegrated over Texas.

All seven astronauts aboard perished and the worldwide repercussions on the future of the space shuttle program were enormous. From the agency's creation through decades of technical and financial compromises, get to the heart of what went wrong--and how to make sure it never happens again. The ancient Maya civilization of Central America left behind a riddle: Because the invading Spanish suppressed nearly all knowledge of how the script worked, unlocking its meaning posed one of archaeology's fiercest challenges, until now.

For the first time, NOVA presents the epic inside story of how the decoding was done, told by the experts at the center of one of archaeology's greatest detective stories. Cracking the Maya Code highlights the ingenious breakthroughs that opened the door to deciphering the elaborate and exotic script and finally cracked the code, unleashing a flood of dramatic new insights about the ancient civilization.

What caused Swissair Flight to plunge into waters off the coast of Nova Scotia in , killing all people aboard? Using expert testimony, messages transmitted by the doomed plane's computer system, and multi-layered CGI weather reconstructions, NOVA pieces together the events leading up to the disaster and provides a forensic view of crucial events seen from all angles to reveal what really happened on Flight Call it a case of mistaken identity.

When it comes to camouflage, chameleons get all the attention. But the often-overlooked cuttlefish is the real master of disguise. Cousins of the squid and octopus, cuttlefish are among the most unusual animals on our planet. These shape-shifting creatures can hypnotize their prey, impersonate the opposite sex and even kill with lightning-fast speed. More accomplished masters of disguise than any chameleon, they have an incredible ability to morph their skin color--even their shape--to blend into most any background.

Cuttlefish also have one of the largest brain-to-body ratios among the invertebrates. With stunning underwater footage and in-depth expert interviews, NOVA gets up close and personal with this astonishing brainy bunch. On July 25, , French aviator Louis Bleriot left the coast of France and landed 37 minutes later on the white cliffs of Dover, England, creating a sensation as big as the first Apollo moon landing.

A Daring Flight captures the thrilling formative years of flight, and tells the story of present-day flying dreams, as Louis Bleriot's grandson tries to recreate his grandfather's epic flight in a nearly identical, now antique, aircraft.

On March 27, , on the island of Tenerife in the Canary Islands, two fully loaded jumbo jets collided on a fogbound runway, killing people in what is still the deadliest crash in aviation history. NOVA looks back at the crucial final hours before the disaster. Despite new technology to improve runway safety, near-misses on the ground are still the leading cause of deadly aviation accidents.

Alaska's Mount McKinley, commonly referred to as Denali, is the highest and coldest peak in North America, and one of the deadliest mountains on earth. Each year more than 1, people attempt to summit it; many never to return alive. While some climbers die in accidents--sliding off of icy cliffs, crushing bones against rocks, falling into hidden crevices, or losing their way and succumbing to the cold--others, often in top physical condition, die from a strange disease that strikes at extreme altitudes.

Now, as a new season dawns on the mountain, a team of doctors, rescuers, world-class mountaineers, military special forces and an astronaut, return to save lives, and using themselves as subjects, decipher the deaths on Denali.

Join daredevil glacionauts for a plunge into a hidden waterworld. Mont Blanc, western Europe's highest peak, rises majestically in the Alps. But deep inside its massive glaciers lurks a hidden danger--killer lakes with the potential to burst free--just as they did in when a mid-summer torrent of cascading mud and water claimed lives.

Armed with high-tech gear and boundless courage, a NOVA team goes where no one has gone before--deep inside the sub-freezing waters of Mont Blanc's foot-thick Mer de Glace "Sea of Ice". Looking for clues to find out if Mt. Blanc's historic catastrophe is ready to repeat itself, scientists dive into the eerie inner world of glacial cracks, crevasses, ice shafts, water wells, and tunnels, searching for the dangerous hidden lakes.

Descent Into the Ice gives you the most intimate look at mountain glaciers ever filmed. Spectacular footage captures these icy behemoths in motion from above and, most astoundingly, from below--while a new breed of explorers known as "glacionauts" reveal the mountain's uniquely beautiful and threatening waterworld. On April 25, , James Watson and Francis Crick published their groundbreaking discovery of the double helix structure of DNA, the molecule essential for passing on our genes and the "secret of life.

She would never know that Watson and Crick had seen a crucial piece of her data without her permission. This was an X-ray image, "Photo 51," that proved to be a vital clue in their decoding of the double helix. Sadly, Franklin never lived to see her vital role in the discovery vindicated. While Watson and Crick went on to win the Nobel Prize in , Franklin died in , at 37, from ovarian cancer; and the Nobel is not awarded posthumously.

All young, bright and accomplished, none of them could have predicted what it would take, personally and professionally, to become a member of the medical tribe. In this special two-part program, NOVA returns one last time to get an update on the kind of doctors, and people, they have become. How did the fierce wolf become a playful puppy? And why are there so many varieties?

We feed them, breed them, pet them and dress them, but how well do we really know them? John Lithgow narrates this insightful look at how dogs evolved from fierce wolves to playful pets--and why there are so many types of dogs today. Whether your dog person or not, there's no denying dogs are an evolutionary marvel, and thanks to human intervention, they are one of the most diverse species on earth. With an amazing array of sizes, shapes, colors, temperaments and other quirks, canis familiaris features one of the most tinkered-with gene pools in the animal kingdom.

NOVA goes beyond the wagging tails and floppy ears to reveal surprising insights into the origin and evolutionary strategy of our canine companions. From a wolf research facility in rural Indiana to New York's Westminster Dog Show, your will discover some amazing dog facts.

Did you know the Saluki can beat any other mammal on earth in a three-mile race? That dogs developed spots for a specific reason? And that their evolution is helping us learn about our own?

And why did it change the world? With brilliant period recreations, NOVA dramatizes how an obscure young patent clerk, Albert Einstein, came up with his shattering discovery that the realms of matter and energy are inescapably linked. Here are stories rich with achievement and failure, feuds and duplicity, love and rivalry, politics and revenge: Michael Faraday, the penniless blacksmith's son who fought the ridicule of the scientific establishment; Antoine Lavoisier, the cool-headed experimenter who fell victim to the guillotine; and Lise Meitner, the physicist who weathered Nazi persecution and personal betrayal on her path to discovering the splitting of the atom.

As one discovery builds on the next, Einstein's Big Idea shows how Einstein's saga began with the personal lives of these pioneers and their years of persistence, ingenuity, sacrifice, and heroic struggle against the odds. One of the most ambitious and exciting scientific theories ever posed, one that may be the long-sought "Theory of Everything," gets a masterful and lavishly animated explanation that will excite scientists and non-scientists alike.

Beginning with simple and clear explanations of major concepts of physics, including gravity, electromagnetism, and relativity, The Elegant Universe illuminates one of the most revolutionary theories in physics today. Known as string theory or superstring theory, this startling idea proposes that the fundamental ingredients of nature are inconceivably tiny strands of energy, whose different modes of vibration underlie everything that happens in the universe.

The theory attempts to unite the laws of the large--general relativity--and the laws of the small--quantum mechanics--breaking a conceptual logjam that has frustrated scientists for nearly a century. If string theory proves correct, the universe we see obscures a reality that is far richer and more complex than anyone ever imagined--a universe with numerous hidden dimensions, a universe in which the fabric of space can rip and tear, a universe that may be but one of many parallel universes.

Join host Brian Greene, professor of physics and mathematics at Columbia University and the best-selling author of The Elegant Universe, for this exciting and in-depth exploration of this groundbreaking new theory.

On the tenth anniversary of , NOVA presents an epic story of engineering, innovation, and the perseverance of the human spirit. NOVA captures the behind-the-scenes struggle of architects and engineers to make the buildings safe and highly secure under the pressures of a tight schedule, the demands of practical office space and efficient, "green" architecture, and the public's expectations of a fitting site for national remembrance.

Extreme Cave Diving follows the charismatic Dr. Kenny Broad as he dives into blue holes-underwater caves that formed during the last ice age when sea level was nearly feet below what it is today.

They are Earth's least explored and perhaps most dangerous frontiers. With an interdisciplinary team of climatologists, paleontologists and anthropologists, Broad investigates the hidden history of Earth's climate as revealed by finds in this spectacularly beautiful alternate universe.

With each step, audiences will discover that just beneath the surface of our everyday experience lies a world we d hardly recognize, a startling world far stranger and more wondrous than anyone expected. In rural Turkey, five children now ranging from 18 to 34 years old out of a family of nineteen kids have never learned to walk on their legs.

Some scientists believe this is due to an evolutionary throwback, providing an insight into our ancestors; others argue this behavior can be explained by environmental factors--among them, that the parents are cousins, making their offspring more vulnerable to faulty genes.

This hour long program takes fascinating side journeys, including the startling sight of a dog born without forelegs that walks upright and in-depth discussions of the genes that govern language and brain size.

The Family that Walks on All Fours is a fascinating, sometimes unsettling show that ultimately will leave you with a wrenching compassion for these five young adults grappling with their strange condition.

Every year, thousands of men and women wage America's war on fire in our majestic wildlands. Armed with special training and the best technology, and with their hearts full of determination, they battle the blazes. But in spite of all their efforts, we are not winning the fire wars. And years of fire suppression have left a dangerous legacy: Now, the firefighting community is asking new questions: Should we fight all fires? Ecologists point to another side of fire—as one of the key elements in healthy ecosystems, necessary and revitalizing.

What would happen to our forests if we did eliminate all wildfires? To find out what's wrong with America's war on wildfires, travel to the fire line with the Arrowhead Hotshots, a top firefighting team pushed to its limit in "the fire summer from hell. Trace the dramatic and often tragic history of American wildfires. See how deliberately set "prescribed fires" may help America avoid out-of-control blazes—or may lead to disasters like the fire that burned Los Alamos, New Mexico.

And explore the science of fire, from the smallest burning match to uncontrollable, landscape-sized conflagrations. In a vivid story, blooming with beauty and scientific mystery, NOVA goes hunting for the world's earliest flower. Although flowers have long been at the center of human life, gracing our gardens and expressing our emotions--not to mention providing us with food, crops, and medicines--the question of how flowers evolved has long baffled scientists.

Charles Darwin called it "an abominable mystery. In this spectacular landscape--dubbed the "Mother of All Gardens"--lie the origins of dozens of plants we take for granted today, including forsythia, clematis, rhododendrons, dogwoods, primroses, and the regal lily. How did they reach our gardens?

The detective story behind the evolution of our favorite flowers continues to unfold. Join NOVA on the trail of botany's most beguiling mystery. Imagine a moment from the age of dinosaurs frozen in time: Volcanic eruptions in this dinosaur Pompeii killed and buried victims quickly, capturing soft, fragile features not normally preserved in fossils notably the feathers on animals that had never been known to have them before.

Now, with state-of-the-art animation to bring this lost world to life, NOVA investigates the mysterious feathered dinosaurs that are challenging old ideas about the origin of bird flight. The central character in this drama is a strange little dinosaur with wings on its legs as well as its arms. The pigeon-sized Microraptor is the smallest adult dinosaur ever found, perhaps the first known tree-dweller. But could it really fly? Is it the key to understanding the origin of flight or merely an evolutionary dead end unrelated to the ancestry of birds?

To help solve the riddle, NOVA assembles a team of top paleontologists, aeronautical engineers, and paleo-artists to reconstruct Microraptor and build a sophisticated model for a wind tunnel experiment.

The results have surprising implications for long-accepted ideas about how winged flight began. What do movie special effects, the stock market, and heart attacks have in common?

They are connected by a revolutionary new branch of math called fractals, which changed the way we see the world and opened up a vast new territory to scientific analysis and understanding.

Meet the mathematicians who developed fractals from a mere curiosity to an approach that touches nearly every branch of understanding, including the fate of our universe.

At a time when heretics were burned alive for dissent, scientist Galileo Galilei risked his life to advance his revolutionary concepts of the universe. British actor Simon Callow Shakespeare in Love, Four Weddings and a Funeral brings Galileo to life, humanizing the great thinker's passion, intelligence, and arrogance while depicting his frustrations with fellow philosophers and scientists, and with Roman Catholic church leaders.

Based on Dava Sobel's best-selling biography Galileo's Daughter, this two-hour film offers a vivid re-imagining of Galileo's incredible achievements that forever changed the way we view our place in the universe. It also investigates the momentous personal and spiritual conflicts Galileo faced--most especially in defending the controversial theory that the earth revolves around the sun. Join noted Galileo authorities and experience the remarkable life behind the discoveries, and see letters from his illegitimate daughter, Maria Celeste, a cloistered nun, have shed new light on Galileo's pioneering telescopic observations, his fateful Inquisition trial for heresy, and life in the seventeenth century.

New secrets revealed about World War II's most daring prison escape. Now join three former Allied prisoners and a team of archaeologists as they travel back to the site of the high-security POW camp Stalag Luft III to search for the secret tunnel the Nazis never found.

More than sixty years ago, over six hundred Allied prisoners banded together to dig three highly sophisticated tunnels, code-named Tom, Dick, and Harry. Each tunnel was outfitted with railways, electric lights, and underground air pumps--all under the noses of the German guards.

The detainees were planning to spring two hundred men via Harry on the moonless night of March 24, Unfortunately, a guard spotted the seventy-seventh man as he exited the tunnel beyond the perimeter fence, but seventy-six managed to get away, fanning out in all directions and forcing the Germany army to undertake a massive manhunt.

And in the ensuing search of the camp, the guards never found the ingeniously hidden tunnel called Dick. Today, a truly historic past is buried deep below the surface of the tranquil countryside of what was Stalag Luft III. As heavy equipment removes treacherously sandy soil, dramatic recreations and candid recollections from the veterans offer stunning details about the prisoners' ingenious and ambitious tunneling plans, and retells the tragic story of the many of the escapees who were recaptured by the Germans.

The Defense Department is offering two million dollars to the builders of the first robotic vehicle to cover a mile stretch of desert in California and Nevada. NOVA goes behind the scenes as top engineering teams struggle to solve the daunting problems of making a vehicle drive itself.

Will legions of robot vehicles fight our future wars? Perched atop a mountain crest, mysteriously abandoned more than four centuries ago, Machu Picchu is the most famous archeological ruin in the Western hemisphere and an iconic symbol of the power and engineering prowess of the Inca. In the years since Machu Picchu was discovered by Hiram Bingham in , there have been countless theories about this Lost City of the Incas, yet it remains an enigma.

Why did the Incas build it on such an inaccessible site, clinging to the steep face of a mountain? Who lived among its stone buildings, farmed its emerald green terraces, and drank from its sophisticated aqueduct system? NOVA joins a new generation of archeologists as they probe areas of Machu Picchu that haven't been touched since the time of the Incas and unearth burials of the people who built the sacred site.

Ghosts of Machu Picchu explores the extraordinary trail of clues that began on that fateful day in and continues to the present. Identical twins share the same genes and are often startlingly alike. Why, then, should they often meet such different fates-- one twin developing a serious disease like cancer while the other remains unscathed?

In a compelling scientific detective story, The Ghost in Your Genes explores the provocative idea that there may be more to inheritance than genes alone. New clues reveal that a second epigenetic chemical code sits on top of our regular DNA and controls how our genes are expressed, turning them on or off with dramatic consequences for our health.

This revolutionary finding has vital implications not only for treating disease but for how we take care of ourselves. While we inherit the epigenome much as we do DNA, it appears to respond far more to our environment and lifestyles.

So our stress levels and what we eat, drink, and breathe may leave an enduring imprint, not just on our own bodies but on the generations to come. In a tour-de-force of scientific sleuthing, NOVA reveals the discoveries that have overturned the old story of inheritance and have profound relevance for how we choose to lead our lives. The true story behind the cataclysmic World War II naval battle that took place just off American shores.

America had just entered World War II, but terrifying unseen weapons were stalking US targets, sinking over ships just miles from American shores in the worst naval defeat in United States history. The stealthy predators were German U-boats, Hitler's deadly warships of the deep. It was cataclysmic--with bodies and wreckage washed ashore on the eastern seaboard.

But the Allies ultimately triumphed, sinking over enemy submarines. Fifty years later, the personal drama behind this wartime state of siege resurfaced when a team of divers discovered an unidentified German U-boat deep in the waters off the New Jersey coast. What boat was it? And what secret mission brought it there? The divers embarked on a dangerous, six-year quest to uncover the secret of the mysterious wreck.